Engine Crushers And The Scrap Car Industry

Engine crushers are an essential piece of machinery in any scrap metal dealer’s yard.  Recycling engine parts are lucrative for the scrap metal dealer and the car industry as a whole. It is much cheaper to reuse the metals found in old engines than it is to produce the metals from scratch.  Many new cars use a small percentage of recycled materials in their construction.

The scrap car industry is increasing due to the increase in the number of vehicles on the road and people purchasing new cars.  Approximately 1.7 million cars are scrapped in the UK every year with 95 % of the car being recycled. The largest car shredder in the world resides in Wales and is able to shred 450 cars an hour.  (Source: Scrapcarnetwork).

Scrapping cars is a complex procedure due to the wide range of materials involved and hazardous fluids. Sorting the materials manually is time-consuming and uneconomical so using engine crushers makes the job much easier.  The machine sorts ferrous and nonferrous metals including aluminium.

What Is A Car Engine Made From?

A car engine consists of the following components; engine block, crankshaft and connecting rod.  The engine block is the main structure of the entire engine and makes up for 25% of its total weight.  It is made of grey cast iron alloys, aluminium alloys and compacted graphite cast iron. Modern engine blocks are mainly aluminium alloy because traditional iron alloy engine blocks were getting to heavy and weigh the car down.  Also known as a cylinder block the engine block contains cylinders, passages for coolant, exhaust and allows gases to pass over the engine.

The crankshaft is housed inside the engine block and is made with iron steel alloy with a high carbon content.  It is positioned at the bottom of the engine and converts the up and down motion of the piston into a rotary motion. The crankshaft is also connected to a flywheel, clutch, torque converter, belt pulley and the main shaft of the transmission.

Connecting rods are made up of either steel, aluminium, titanium, iron and other metals. It joins the piston to the crankshaft.  (Source:Mohit Sarvaiya).

How Do Engine Crushers Work?

Engine crushers break engines and gearboxes into small particles.  This makes it easier to sort aluminium from the ferrous and other and other metallic components. The operation can either be manual or automatic.

There are two sizes of engine crusher available from challenger large and standard.  They both work in the same way by reducing engines into small particles. An automatic or manual version is available with extras including; petrol engine drive, hoppers, support frames, hydraulic oil coolers, adjustable finished particle device, warning alarms, feed and discharge conveyors.  Here is an engine crusher in action.

If you would like to find out more about our engine crushers contact us and we would be happy to offer our advice.  

Engine Crushers – Making A Profit Out Of Old Cars

Engine crushers make recycling engines quicker and economical.  The purpose of an engine crusher is to reduce engines and gearboxes into small particles.  This makes sorting aluminium from ferrous metals more efficient.  Challenger Group Engine crushers are available in large and standard sizes.  Both engine crushers have the capacity to include optional extras such as;  the type of fuel engine, hoppers, support frames, hydraulic oil cooler, adjustable finished particle device, warning alarms, feed and discharge conveyors, etc .

Engine Crushers – Making Money Out Of Scrap

When cars reach the end of their natural life or get written off in a crash we tend to sell them for scrap for a meagre amount of cash.  Cars are made from a large amount of metal that is expensive to process and can have a negative impact on the environment.  Scrap cars are an extremely valuable commodity and in America alone the 12-15 million vehicles that are scraped provide the steel industry with 14 million tons of steel. 75% of modern vehicles can be recycled including both polymers and metal.

Engine Crushers – Manipulating Manufacturers

The EU Directive 2000/53/EC sets out comprehensive targets for the recovery, recycling and reuse of cars that have reached the end of their natural life.  It also discourages manufacturers from using hazardous substances such as; lead, mercury, cadmium and hexavalent chromium. (Ref European Commision) With manufacturers having to comply to legislation relating to the materials used to build cars it would seem that going into the scrap metal business could be very profitable indeed.

Starting A Legitimate Car Recycling Business

When you start your scrap metal business it is advisable to become a member of the Motor Vehicle Disposal Association (MVDA).  People are advised to sell their old vehicles to members of the MVDA as it insures that they are selling to a legitimate business.  It is not unheard of for unsuspecting people to receive notifications of driving, speeding and tax offences because the person they sold the car to used it to carry out illegal activities.  Having your own premises, Engine crushers and membership of the MVDA will show that you are trustworthy and legitimate.

Buying Engine Crushers

At Challenger you can either commission us to design and construct a bespoke engine crusher or keep an eye on our second hand machinery section to see if we have a pre-used one in stock. if you have any questions you would like to ask about any of our engine crushers please get in touch and we would be happy to help.