The Financial Benefits Of Non-Ferrous Balers

Non-ferrous balers are used to process aluminium alloys, aluminium, lead, brass, zinc and copper in recycling plants.  These metals are particularly valuable as they are used to make gutters, roofing pipes and electrical cables.  The main properties of these metals are that they are not magnetic don’t contain and are more resistant to corrosion. Recycling such metals is much cheaper than extracting and processing raw materials.  

All metals can be recycled many times without diminishing any of their properties.  Recycling metal is economically and environmentally sound. Approximately 24 million tonnes of aluminium is produced every year. The main producer of aluminium is Australia where resources are getting low which is why it is extremely important that we recycle it.  It is much easier to recycle metal than any other material because it is easy to sort and process.

Scrap metal yards are able to make good profits reselling used non-ferrous metals due to its scrap value.  Non-ferrous metal is sold by the tonne which gives an indication of its value. Heavy copper and bright white wire are the highest value metals costing £3,900 and £4,500 respectively in 2018. 

What Are The Two Types Of Metal?

There are two types of metals ferrous and non-ferrous both can be recycled indefinitely without their properties changing or degrading. Non-ferrous metal is more valuable than ferrous metal because it does not corrode as easily. Ferrous metals contain traces of iron which rusts and needs treating in order to survive the elements.  Non-ferrous metal is used to produce high-grade items such as copper wiring which is extremely valuable. Lead is also a non-ferrous metal which is used in church rooves. Both copper and lead are stolen by thieves who want to make money by selling it for scrap.

The most commonly used non-ferrous metal is aluminium which is mainly produced in Australia. Aluminium production is having a very negative effect on the environment and the resources required to produce it are diminishing.  It is easy to tell the difference between non-ferrous and ferrous metal because the former is not magnetic while the latter is.

Non-Ferrous Balers Or Shear Balers

Challenger Group builds a wide variety of non-ferrous balers which are also known as shear balers.  They are most suited to small to medium-sized scrap yards where an economical and efficient solution is required to process non-ferrous metal and bulky ferrous metal.  Non-ferrous balers are ideal for recycling car shells, scrap aluminium, stainless vessels and factory offcuts.  

The shear baler produces bales which are 300 mm by 300 mm wide with varying lengths,  Non-ferrous balers can be static floor-mounted assemblies on skid frames or trailer mounted with cranes and discharge conveyors allowing them to be fully portable.  They are electric motor driven and powered by hydraulic units producing a cycle time of 30 to 120 seconds.

All of our non-ferrous balers are bespoke and built to individual company’s requirements.  If you would like to find out more about non-ferrous balers contact us and we would be happy to discuss your options.

Engine Crushers And The Scrap Car Industry

Engine crushers are an essential piece of machinery in any scrap metal dealer’s yard.  Recycling engine parts are lucrative for the scrap metal dealer and the car industry as a whole. It is much cheaper to reuse the metals found in old engines than it is to produce the metals from scratch.  Many new cars use a small percentage of recycled materials in their construction.

The scrap car industry is increasing due to the increase in the number of vehicles on the road and people purchasing new cars.  Approximately 1.7 million cars are scrapped in the UK every year with 95 % of the car being recycled. The largest car shredder in the world resides in Wales and is able to shred 450 cars an hour.  (Source: Scrapcarnetwork).

Scrapping cars is a complex procedure due to the wide range of materials involved and hazardous fluids. Sorting the materials manually is time-consuming and uneconomical so using engine crushers makes the job much easier.  The machine sorts ferrous and nonferrous metals including aluminium.

What Is A Car Engine Made From?

A car engine consists of the following components; engine block, crankshaft and connecting rod.  The engine block is the main structure of the entire engine and makes up for 25% of its total weight.  It is made of grey cast iron alloys, aluminium alloys and compacted graphite cast iron. Modern engine blocks are mainly aluminium alloy because traditional iron alloy engine blocks were getting to heavy and weigh the car down.  Also known as a cylinder block the engine block contains cylinders, passages for coolant, exhaust and allows gases to pass over the engine.

The crankshaft is housed inside the engine block and is made with iron steel alloy with a high carbon content.  It is positioned at the bottom of the engine and converts the up and down motion of the piston into a rotary motion. The crankshaft is also connected to a flywheel, clutch, torque converter, belt pulley and the main shaft of the transmission.

Connecting rods are made up of either steel, aluminium, titanium, iron and other metals. It joins the piston to the crankshaft.  (Source:Mohit Sarvaiya).

How Do Engine Crushers Work?

Engine crushers break engines and gearboxes into small particles.  This makes it easier to sort aluminium from the ferrous and other and other metallic components. The operation can either be manual or automatic.

There are two sizes of engine crusher available from challenger large and standard.  They both work in the same way by reducing engines into small particles. An automatic or manual version is available with extras including; petrol engine drive, hoppers, support frames, hydraulic oil coolers, adjustable finished particle device, warning alarms, feed and discharge conveyors.  Here is an engine crusher in action.

If you would like to find out more about our engine crushers contact us and we would be happy to offer our advice.